Father: Imam Ali Naqi (AS)
Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abu Muhammad
Laqab (Title): Al-Askari
Birth: He was born in Medina, on Monday, 8th of Rabi-ul-Akhar 232 A.H
Martyrdom: He was poisoned by Mo’tamad the Abbaside Ruler, on the 8th Rabi-ul-Awwal 260 A.H, and died at the age of 28 at Samarra in Iraq
Imam Hasan Askari (AS) Birth & Upbringing
The Holy Imam was born on the 8th Rabi-ul-Akhar in Medina, and known for the great title of Al-Askari.
The Holy Imam Hasan Askari spent 22 years of his life under the patronage of his father, Imam Ali Naqi after whose martyrdom he became his divinely commissioned Imam.
Imam Hasan Askari (AS) Political Condition
During his times the Abbaside rulers were entangled in political tussles. They however very much dreaded the existence of the rightful and divinely ordained Imam of the Holy Prophet, the Holy Imam Hasan Askari a nd knew that the son of this Holy Imam would be the ‘Mahdi’ or ‘Guide’ to humanity for all times until the Day of Judgement.
The caliphate kept the Imams under its close supervision more than ever before. It tried through every possible means and through secret plans to remove and destroy them.
Also, the caliphate had come to know that the coming of the Mahdi had been foretold in authenticated hadith of the Prophet in both Sunni and Shia sources.
For this reason the Eleventh Imam, more than other Imams, was kept under close watch by the caliphate.
So these rulers inflicted all sorts of calamities on the Holy Imam and hence the greater part of his life passed in prison and many restrictions were places on his movements.
In spite of this he always discharged the duties of Imamate with cheer and matchless perseverance.
Imam Hasan Askari (AS) Literature
The Holy Imam was ever busy in imparting religious knowledge and guiding people towards the straight path.
History shows that the commentators of the Holy Qur’an have often quoted the interpretation of the Ayats of the Holy Qur’an from Imam Hasan Askari.
Also it should be remembered that during their life time the Imams trained many hundreds of scholars of religion and hadith, and it is these scholars who have transmitted to us information about the Imams.
Imam Hasan Askari (AS) Conditions
The caliph of the time had decided definitely to put an end to the Imamate through every possible means and to close the door to the Imamate once and for all.
Therefore, as soon as the news of the illness of the Imam Hasan Askari reached Mo’tamad, he sent a physician and a few of his trusted agents and judges to the house of the Imam to be with him and observe his condition and the situation within his house at all times.
After the death of the Imam, they had the house investigated and all his female slaves examined by the midwife.
For two years the secret agents of the caliph searched for the successor of the Imam until they lost all hope.
Imam Hasan Askari (AS) Wafat / Martyrdom
Mo’tamad, the Abbaside ruler of the time realising that the world was ringing with the praised of this Holy Imam became restless with envy, and dreading that the people would openly declare their allegiance to the Imam, had him martyred.
Thus, on Friday the 8th Rabi-ul-Awwal 260 A.H, the Holy Imam departed from this world and was buried besides his father Imam Ali Naqi, in Samarra.